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Best field guides to use at home: Bees

28th May 2020

We've asked NHSN members to tell us about their favourite field guides for the garden or on walks close to home. In this post, Rinke Vinkenoog suggests guides for identifying bees.

Red-tailed Bumblebee (male) © Louise Hislop

As we continue to enjoy nature close to home, we’ve asked NHSN members to tell us about their favourite field guides for the garden or on nearby walks. In this post, Rinke Vinkenoog recommends guides for identifying bees.

What’s the buzz…?

We all know the honeybee, and most will recognise some bumblebees – but the British Isles are home to more than 270 species of bees. How to find and identify these? Which field guide should we choose?

Field Guide to the Bees of Great Britain and Ireland

By Steven Falk. Illustrated by Richard Lewington. Bloomsbury Wildlife, 2018.
432 pp. 700+ colour photos, 1000+ illustrations, and distribution maps.

Sometimes, life is easy… there is little choice. Steven Falk’s Field Guide to the bees of Great Britain and Ireland is basically our only option. But, what an option – this is an excellent guide, very well researched, and superbly illustrated by Richard Lewington. His plates give an overview of the groups and species, whilst the dichotomous keys (separate for male and female bees) allow step by step identification. There is a wealth of information provided, both on bees in general and for each individual species. Photos and illustrations of body parts aid in the (often challenging) identification. A word of warning though: bees are difficult. They are small, and several of them are pretty similar. Do not expect to go for a walk with this book and identify every buzzing passer-by with a short flick through the pages. In many cases, examination with a hand lens (or even dissecting microscope) is needed, and for some identification to species of live bees in the field is just not realistic. However, the book offers a great opening in the wonderful world of bees.

Learn more about this guide and others in the Field Guides series published by Bloomsbury Wildlife.

Field Guide to the Bumblebees of Great Britain and Ireland

By Mike Edwards and Martin Jenner. 2nd ed. Ocelli, 2018.
108 pp. 90 colour photos, with colour illustrations and distribution maps.

If bees as a whole are too challenging, there is an excellent alternative to start with: Bumblebees. This is a small group (24 species in the UK), they are “big” in bee-terms and several of them feel very well at home in our gardens and parks.

The Field Guide to the Bumblebees of Great Britain and Ireland by Mike Edwards and Martin Jenner is compact yet complete, and very handy for use in the field. An easy to follow overview based on colours on thorax and abdomen direct the reader to the species. There is a good section on male genitalia (important to distinguish some species); this is only relevant if bees are caught and killed though.

Bumblebees – An Introduction

By Nikki Gammans, Richard Comont, SC Morgan and Gill Perkins. Bumblebee Conservation Trust, 2018.
174 pp. 250+ colour photos, with colour illustrations and distribution maps.

The Bumblebee Conservation Trust brought out their own guide: Bumblebees: An Introduction. Personally, I prefer the illustrations in this guide. In addition to the drawings, each species has got several photographs which draw the attention to typical characters that help in identification. The book lives up to its name: it is indeed a very good introduction to Bumblebees. There is ample information on bumblebee biology and pollination ecology.

Both guides can be recommended highly for those interested in bumblebees.

Learn more about this guide at the Bumblebee Conservation Trust.

More field guides to inspire you

This post is an extended version of “Field Guides to Inspire You,” featured in our Summer 2020 Special Edition of North East Nature. This special digital-only issue is available to everyone.

View issue

See our full series of Field Guides blog posts for more recommendations.