In the aftermath of the Ice Ages, Northumberland became one of the centres of small communities with no knowledge of farming techniques or animal husbandry. So how did they manage? Their achievements not only ensured their survival but also, entirely unwittingly and unplanned, paved the way for new concepts of living. They either had to bend their lifestyles to cope with an unpromising and unforgiving environment or die, whereas today we try the opposite: to adapt an ever-changing environment to suit our own needs. In this course we will explore the life-style of hunter-gatherers and how ‘went agricultural’.