We are a voluntary group initiated during 2003 and composed of a core of keen regular beach surveyors. Our members are interested in birds, the environment in general, pollution of marine ecosystems and how to improve the health of the maritime environment with an emphasis on the North Sea. Beach walking provides fresh air and exercise as well as increasing our wider knowledge of the marine environment.
The Northeast England beached bird surveys (NEBBS) augment longer datasets from similar surveys in Orkney and Shetland. In recent years other regular beach surveys have begun in the Republic of Ireland and Southwest England. In Northeast England we also contribute to the ‘Save the North Sea’ Fulmar project.
Bird species we find washed up on the shore include the auks (Guillemot, Razorbill, Puffin and Little Auk), gulls (including Herring, Great Black-backed, Common, Black-headed and Kittiwake), waders (for example Golden Plover, Redshank, Dunlin, Woodcock and Oystercatcher), other seabirds (such as Fulmars, Gannets, Cormorants, Shags, divers, terns and ducks) and migrant birds such as Blackbird, Redwing, Fieldfare, Skylark and Starling. We also make notes about other matters of interest – for example beached fish, porpoises, dolphins, seals, whales, crabs, starfish, or anything that may take your fancy.
You can read a published paper by Daniel Turner, Beached bird survey results for North East England 2004-2005, by clicking here.
If you would like more information about Northeast England beached bird surveys, please contact the NEBBS group coordinator by email, firstname.lastname@example.org
Our main method of performing beached bird surveys entails regular monthly checks of agreed stretches of coast when the tide is low enough as not to pose a risk of getting cut off. Tide heights and times are available on-line from the BBC, please click here.
Twice a day our shores experience high and low tides, which vary in height depending on the moon cycle, weather, wind and time of year. By carefully checking the strand line on the shore for bird remains we may record changes and events in our environment. Often during a beach walk we find no bird corpses – that is fine and what we call a ‘nil return’ which should be recorded in addition to surveys where shore finds are made. Surveyors get to know their shore well with such regular visits over a period of time.
There is a form for completion following each survey – which may be posted or emailed to the regional coordinator. Information to record includes start and end times, weather conditions, whether oil or litter is present on the shore, numbers of people, live birds seen and details of any bird remains found, state of completeness, whether oiled and to what extent.
If you would like to help us carry out beach surveys please contact the Northeast England coordinator.
To give beginners an idea of how and what to record you can view three completed example forms. Two of these examples show many specimens, but such numerous finds are not likely during the majority of surveys (please do not let the forms put you off, all surveyors find their own way of recording).
Before starting on your own a new surveyor may take an introductory walk with an experienced beached bird recorder and receive background information, tips, etc. If you are unsure of identification and have a camera then photos may be taken so we can check later and try to confirm the species involved.
Beach-washed Fulmar corpses with complete abdomens are collected during our surveys for the ‘Save the North Sea’ (SNS) Fulmar project. The regional coordinator will collect these from the finder and place in cold storage. Trained individuals then analyse these specimens under laboratory conditions and take measurements, notes on feather moult, etc. An internal examination follows during which the organs are scored for level of health and the stomach is extracted for subsequent analysis of contents. All countries bordering the North Sea are involved in Fulmar corpse collection, each having a regional coordinator.
The aim of the North Sea Fulmar project is to determine a reduction in the quantity of plastic within this species to match an Ecological Quality Objective (EcoQO) where less than 10% of Fulmars have more than 0.1 g of plastic in the stomach. Currently around 95% of all beached North Sea Fulmars have plastics in the stomach, and 58% exceed the required EcoQO critical level. The plastics which float in the sea are ingested by feeding Fulmars, but these slowly disintegrate within the live birds and pass through their gut. On average, during 2003 – 2007 (van Franeker et al, in press), 1,295 North Sea Fulmars carried 0.31 gram of plastic consisting of 35 pieces. Plastics within the seas are a global phenomenon, but levels vary from place to place, and many forms of wildlife are adversely affected by this ubiquitous form of pollution.
You can read a published paper by Daniel Turner about the ‘Save the North Sea’ Fulmar Project results for North East England 2003-2005 by clicking here. You can read a published IMARES report (that includes East England beach-washed Fulmar data from 2003 – 2009) by Dr Jan van Franeker and the international SNS Fulmar Study Group by clicking here.
The NEBBS group has been working with our partners to publish a paper “Monitoring plastic ingestion by the northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis in the North Sea” in the journal Environmental Pollution. If you would like to see a copy of this paper please contact the NEBBS coordinator or click here.
If you would like more information about the ‘Save the North Sea’ Fulmar Project please contact the NEBBS coordinator email@example.com
Regular NEBBS Group Newsletters are produced with survey results and information. These are distributed to the project volunteers and they may also be viewed here: